Rock Discoveries

Tourmaline: Exploring the Types Mining and Market Trends

Tourmaline: An In-Depth Guide to Types, Mining, and Market

Not many gemstones can rival the beauty and versatility of tourmaline. Found in a wide range of colors, from classic black to vibrant green and red, tourmaline has captivated jewelry lovers for centuries.

But what do you really know about this stunning gemstone? In this article, we’ll provide an overview of the different types of tourmaline, the mining methods, and the market for this precious stone.


Tourmaline is a complex mineral, and there are many different types of tourmaline to be found. Let’s dive into the most common forms that you might encounter:

Rubellite – A type of tourmaline that ranges in color from pink to red.

This gemstone is often used in jewelry and is prized for its deep, saturated hues. Indicolite – This blue or blue-green variety of tourmaline is rare and highly valued.

It is often used in fine jewelry and pairs beautifully with diamonds. Paraba – Perhaps the most famous variety of tourmaline, the Paraiba tourmaline is known for its neon blue or green color.

Found only in the Federal Brazilian State of Paraiba, this gem is incredibly rare and commands high prices in the market. Chrome tourmaline – A type of tourmaline that is prized for its green color, which is created by the presence of chromium.

This gemstone is often found in Sri Lanka. Parti-colored tourmaline – This type of tourmaline displays more than one color in the same crystal.

These gems can range from pale pink to green to yellow, and are highly prized by collectors. Watermelon tourmaline – As the name suggests, this variety of tourmaline displays rings of pink and green or red and green.

It is often used in unique and colorful jewelry designs. Schorl tourmaline – This is the most common variety of tourmaline and is found in many locations around the world.

Often called “black tourmaline,” it has a dark color that makes it perfect for use in men’s jewelry. Dravite tourmaline – This brownish variety of tourmaline is known for its earthy tones.

It is used less often in jewelry but is highly valued by collectors. Uvite tourmaline – A rare type of tourmaline, the uvite is prized for its green or reddish-brown color and complex crystal structures.

Elbaite tourmaline – This is the most well-known and valuable type of tourmaline. Often found in pegmatitic minerals that contain lithium, elbaite tourmaline can be found in Canada, Russia, Afghanistan, Pakistan, the USA, and Brazil.


Tourmaline can be found in many locations around the world, but the mining methods used to extract it can vary widely. In general, tourmaline is extracted by digging or blasting in sources where it is found as a vein or deposited element.

Here are some common mining methods:

Digging – In some locations, tourmaline can be found just below the surface. In these cases, miners use shovels and other equipment to dig up the soil and extract the gemstones.

Blasting – In other cases, tourmaline is found in hard rock formations that require blasting to extract. Explosives and heavy machinery are used to break up the rock and extract the gemstones.

Vein sources – Tourmaline is often found in vein sources, which are areas where the gemstone has formed in cracks or fissures in the surrounding rock. Miners use specialized tools to extract the tourmaline without damaging it.

Deposited elements – Tourmaline is also found as a deposited element, meaning that it has been transported by water or wind and deposited in a new location. Miners search for these deposits in river beds, on beaches, or in other areas where weathering or erosion has exposed the gemstone.


Tourmaline can be found in many locations around the world, but some areas are known for producing high-quality gems. Weathering and erosion are key factors in the deposition of tourmaline, and these factors are most common in areas that have been geologically active.

Here are some of the top locations for collecting tourmaline:

Germany – Black tourmaline, also known as schorl tourmaline, is found in large quantities in Germany. Collectors and rockhounds flock to this area to search for specimens.

England – England also produces schorl tourmaline in significant quantities. The mineral can be found in Cornwall and other parts of the country.

Italy – The island of Elba in Italy is known for producing exceptional elbaite tourmaline. Many of the gems from this location display beautiful tricolored zoning.

USA – The USA is home to many tourmaline-producing locations, including Maine, California, and Connecticut. Many collectors search for tourmaline specimens in these areas.

Brazil – Brazil is home to some of the most valuable tourmaline in the world, including the rare Paraiba tourmaline. Other types of tourmaline can also be found in this country, including elbaite and pink tourmaline.


When it comes to tourmaline, the name of the gemstone can tell you a lot about where it was mined and the quality of the stone. Some naming conventions to be aware of include:

Mined region – Many tourmaline gemstones are named after the region where they were mined.

For example, Paraiba tourmaline is named after the Federal Brazilian State of Paraiba. Quality – Some tourmaline gems are named after their quality.

For example, rubellite tourmaline is named for its deep red hue, while watermelon tourmaline is named for its color zoning. Customer satisfaction – Some gemstones, like Paraiba tourmaline, are named after the customer who discovered them.

In this case, the gemstone was named after the customer’s home state of Paraiba.


Finally, we can’t talk about tourmaline without mentioning the liddicoatite variety. Named after Richard T.

Liddicoat, the former president of the Gemological Institute of America (GIA), this type of tourmaline is unusual in that it contains both calcium and lithium. Liddicoatite tourmaline is often found in pegmatites, and it displays complex zoning patterns that can make for stunning gemstones.


Tourmaline is a fascinating gemstone with many varieties and styles to explore. Whether you’re a collector or just a lover of beautiful gems, tourmaline has something to offer.

With its wide range of colors and unique properties, tourmaline will continue to captivate and inspire jewelry lovers for generations to come. In conclusion, tourmaline is a beautiful and fascinating gemstone with many different types and mining methods.

From the rare Paraiba tourmaline to the more common schorl tourmaline, there is something to admire and appreciate about each variety. Whether you’re a collector or just an admirer, tourmaline is a gemstone that is sure to captivate and inspire for years to come.


Q: What makes Paraiba tourmaline so rare? A: Paraiba tourmaline is rare because it is found in only one location in the world, the Federal Brazilian State of Paraiba, and its unique neon blue or green color is caused by the presence of copper in the gemstone.

Q: What is the most valuable type of tourmaline? A: Elbaite tourmaline is the most valuable type of tourmaline due to its rarity and the fact that it is often found in pegmatitic minerals that contain lithium.

Q: What are some common mining methods used to extract tourmaline? A: Common mining methods for tourmaline include digging, blasting, searching for vein sources, and looking for deposited elements.

Q: What is the significance of Richard T. Liddicoat and the liddicoatite tourmaline?

A: Richard T. Liddicoat was the former president of the Gemological Institute of America (GIA) and the liddicoatite tourmaline is named after him.

This unique variety of tourmaline contains both calcium and lithium and is often found in pegmatites. Q: Where are some of the top locations for collecting tourmaline?

A: Some of the top locations for collecting tourmaline include Germany, England, Italy, the USA, and Brazil.

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