Rock Discoveries

Rockhounding in Kansas: A Guide to Finding Gems & Geodes

Top Rockhounding Sites in Kansas – A Practical Guide to Finding Rocks and Minerals

Kansas might not be the first place that comes to mind when you think of rockhounding, but the state offers a surprising diversity of geology and paleontology. Kansas is home to formations of agate, jasper, and petrified wood, as well as vertebrate fossils and geodes.

Unlike many other states that require a permit to access mineral and rock collecting sites, Kansas is an open state that welcomes rockhounds with a passion for geology. In this article, we will explore the top ten rockhounding sites in Kansas and the types of rocks and minerals you can expect to find.

Types of Rocks and Minerals in Kansas

Kansas has a broad range of exciting rocks and minerals to choose from, and below, we will discuss some of the most popular finds.


Kansas has some of the most beautiful agates in the world, and many of them can be found along the

Smoky Hill River in western Kansas. These agates are typically red, gray, or cream-colored and are often banded or fortification style.


Jasper is another popular rock found in Kansas, and the majority of them are collected in the

Flint Hills area. They come in a wide variety of colors and patterns, including red, green, yellow, and brown.

Petrified Wood

Kansas is also well-known for its petrified wood, which can be found throughout the state.

Flint Hills, in particular, is a famous spot for collecting petrified wood.

The most common types of petrified wood found in Kansas are from the Cedar Crest, Chase, and Cottonwood Falls formations.



Kansas has an abundant supply of vertebrate fossils from the Late Cretaceous period, with numerous marine invertebrates and dinosaur fossils. The Dakota and Niobrara formations, located in western Kansas, are the most productive areas for vertebrate fossils.


Geodes are abundant in Kansas and can be found in many locations throughout the state.

Geodes can range from the size of a grapefruit to the size of a basketball and are often easy to find since they can be visible on the surface.


Clear quartz crystals can be found throughout Kansas, especially in the

Flint Hills and the Kansas River Valley areas.

Pyrite and


Pyrite and

Galena, also known as fools’ gold, can be found in many locations throughout Kansas, including the Blue Hills area and southeastern Kansas.


Cerrusite, which is a lead carbonate mineral, can be found around the

Galena area in southeastern Kansas.

Locations for Rockhounding in Kansas


Smoky Hill River


Smoky Hill River in western Kansas is an excellent spot to find agates, petrified wood, and other interesting rocks. The riverbank is accessible to rockhounds, making it easy to search for rocks and minerals.

2. Topeka

The city of Topeka, located in northeastern Kansas, is an excellent spot for rockhounding.

Within city limits, the Shunganunga Creek runs through Gage Park and provides various rocks and minerals, including agates and jasper. 3.

Geary County

The area around

Junction City and Milford Lake in Geary County is well-known for its abundant fossil finds, including ammonites, clams, snails, and extinct marine reptiles. 4.

Blue Hills

The Blue Hills area, located in north-central Kansas, is a popular spot for rockhounding. It is a unique spot for finding a variety of rock formations, including sedimentary rocks, shale, limestone, sandstone, and fossils.


Trego County

The landscape around the Cedar Bluff Reservoir in

Trego County is an ideal location for rockhounding. The area is renowned for agates, jasper, and fossilized wood.

6. Walnut River

The area around the Walnut River in southeastern Kansas is a popular spot for rockhounding.

Abundant deposits of geodes are a distinctive feature of this location. 7.


Galena, located in southeastern Kansas, is a town rich in history and minerals. It is a great spot for hunting for minerals such as pyrite, galena, and cerrusite.

8. Republican River in Carneiro

Carneiro is a small town situated along the Republican River, where rockhounds can find petrified wood and agates.

This picturesque locale is an excellent place to hike, fish, and relax while collecting rocks and minerals. 9.

Big Blue River

The Big Blue River runs from Nebraska through Kansas and contains excellent opportunities for rockhounding. This river is a great spot for aggregate materials, including limestone, sandstone, and gravel.


Flint Hills


Flint Hills region of eastern Kansas is home to some of the most beautiful jasper in the country.

Focus your search on areas with recently exposed bedrock for the best results.

Practical Rock Identification System and Guides

Rockhounding is an exciting and enjoyable hobby, but it is essential to know how to identify rocks and minerals correctly. To help rockhounds with identification, we recommend the Practical Rock Identification System, which was created by retired geologist Tom Shearer.

This system is accessible and straightforward to use, making it perfect for novice rockhounds. Additionally, a variety of rock identification guides and mineral identification guides are available online or at local bookstores.

These guides have detailed descriptions and pictures of rocks and minerals specific to Kansas, making them an invaluable resource. Rockhounding in Kansas is a rewarding experience that offers a wide variety of rocks, minerals, and fossils to collect.

While the state might not be as well-known as other areas for rockhounding, it is a hidden gem worth exploring. Ensure you research the locations beforehand to understand the type of rocks and minerals available and consider what equipment to bring.

With a little knowledge and a lot of passion, you can find some treasured rocks and minerals on your next trip to Kansas. Rockhounding in Kansas is an exciting pastime enjoyed by many.

The state is home to a broad range of interesting rocks, minerals, and fossils. In this article, we will focus on the eastern and western regions of Kansas.

Each area has unique geological features and offers rockhounds a diverse array of opportunities.

Western Kansas Rockhounding Sites


Aetna is a small town in Comanche County and is known for its vast deposits of petrified wood from the Cedar Crest formation. Petrified wood is plentiful in this area and can range in size from tiny specimen pieces to large stumps.

Sun City

Sun City is a small town in Barber County, known for its significant deposits of jasper. The jasper ranges from red and green to yellow and brown and offers the exciting possibility of finding fossils and mineral inclusions.


Wilmore, in Comanche County, is known for septarian nodules in the Kiowa formation. These spherical concretions contain calcite, barite, and pyrite and offer rockhounds the possibility of finding beautiful specimens.

Smoky Hill River


Smoky Hill River has been a popular location for rockhounding enthusiasts for years. Along the river banks, rockhounds can find a wide variety of rocks, including petrified wood, agates, and jasper.


Norton is home to a multitude of geological wonders, providing endless rockhounding possibilities. Rockhounds can find diverse specimens of gypsum, calcite, garnet, and celestite.

Osborne County

Osborne County is a prime destination for rockhounds seeking a wide range of opportunities. There are abundant supplies of volcanic ash, which are visible on the surface.

Additionally, rockhounds have the possibility of finding meteorites in this area.

South Fork Solomon River


South Fork Solomon River area offers a beautiful combination of scenery and geology. Rockhounds can find fossils, calcite, and garnet while enjoying the picturesque views of the Solomon River.

Trego County

Trego County is a rockhound’s paradise, offering abundant deposits of petrified wood, agates, and jasper. The

Trego County area is particularly notable for the vast number of geodes found in the region.

Wallace County

Wallace County, located in western Kansas, is famous for its extensive deposits of limestone that offer a vast array of fossils. Additionally, the area is known for its unique types of rocks and minerals, such as garnet, barite, and celestite.

Sharon Springs


Sharon Springs area offers rockhounds the possibility of finding fire agate and fluorescent rocks with its unique mix of sedimentary and volcanic formations.

Eastern Kansas Rockhounding Sites

Walnut River

The Walnut River is one of the most popular spots for rockhounding in eastern Kansas, particularly in the Cowley and Butler County areas. The area offers an abundant supply of geodes, agates, and jasper.

Strong City

Located in Chase County,

Strong City is a beautiful location for rockhounding as it is adjacent to unique rock formations such as the Cottonwood Falls limestone. The area is famous for its numerous calcite and chalcopyrite deposits.



Garnett area is known for its abundant mineral deposits, including sphalerite, garnet, and barite. Rockhounds can also find chert and calcite in the area.


Galena is a town in Cherokee County and is famous for its lead and zinc mines. The area is perfect for rockhounding as rockhounders can find pyrite, cerussite, and galena.

Baxter Springs and West Mineral


Baxter Springs and West Mineral, located in Cherokee County, are excellent spots for rockhounding and offer the possibility of finding chert, calcite, and barite.


The town of

Concordia, located in Cloud County, is a popular rockhounding destination due to its abundant geodes, opals, and minerals such as calcite and celestite.

Smoky Hill River


Smoky Hill River provides rockhounds the opportunity to find agates, jasper, and petrified wood. The area is easily accessible, making it a popular location for rockhounding enthusiasts.

Mushroom Rocks

Located in Ellsworth County, the

Mushroom Rocks State Park is a unique location that provides rockhounds with the opportunity to find volcanic ash, calcite, and fossils.

Kanopolis and Pony Creek

Located in Ellsworth and Rice counties,

Kanopolis and Pony Creek are excellent locations for rockhounding. This location offers the chance to find fossils, chert, and volcanic ash.



Ottawa area offers beautiful geodes, and the local quarry is a reliable source for rockhounding enthusiasts to find rare specimens.

Geary County and

Junction City

Geary County is best known for its abundance of fossil finds, including ammonites and marine reptiles. Additionally,

Junction City’s

Smoky Hill River provides agates and petrified wood.

Republican River and Chikaskia River


Republican River and Chikaskia River provide an excellent opportunity for rockhounds to search for various rocks and minerals like calcite and geodes.


Located in Jefferson County,

McLouth is one of the few places rockhounds can find the state gem, galena. Additionally, the area offers beautiful calcite and pyrite specimens.

Freemount and Florence

Located in Marion County, both

Freemount and Florence offer the opportunity to find beautiful chalcedony, jasper, and agates.

Big Blue River and Ada

Located in Washington County, the

Big Blue River and Ada offer a beautiful combination of scenery and geology that provides abundant opportunities for rockhounding enthusiasts.

Rock City Park and Stockdale

Rock City Park, located in

Ottawa County, offers impressive sandstone formations that provide unique geology specimens. Similarly, Stockdale offers beautiful geological formations made of limestone.

Rose Dome and Bonner Springs

Located in Wyandotte County, both

Rose Dome and Bonner Springs offer beautiful geodes, amethysts, and quartz crystals for rockhounders who enjoy unique minerals.

Verdigris River


Verdigris River, located in Butler County, offers rockhounds the possibility of finding fossils, including extinct shark teeth, ammonites, and trilobites.

Types of Rocks and Minerals in Eastern Kansas

Eastern Kansas is home to an array of different rock and mineral specimens, including:


Geodes are abundant in eastern Kansas, with many available to collect along the Walnut River.

Chalcopyrite and Sphalerite


Garnett area offers abundant deposits of chalcopyrite and sphalerite minerals, which are popular specimens for rockhounds.

Barite and Marcasite

The mining district of

Baxter Springs and West Mineral offers opportunities to find barite and marcasite specimens.


Galena provides the possibility of finding cerussite, a lead carbonate mineral.

Pyrite and Smithsonite

Both pyrite and smithsonite can be found in the

McLouth area.


Chert is abundant in many areas of eastern Kansas and is often found in limestone formations.


Celestite is found throughout eastern Kansas and is frequently collected by rockhounds.

Volcanic Ash

Volcanic ash is present in many locations throughout eastern Kansas, including the

Mushroom Rocks State Park.


Calcite is known for its abundance in eastern Kansas and is found in many locations throughout the area, including the

Ottawa mining district.


Eastern Kansas is famous for the vast number of fossil deposits, including ammonites, sea creatures, and many other marine organisms. Amethyst and Quartz


Rose Dome and Bonner Springs offer unique specimens like amethyst and quartz crystals that are popular with rockhounds. Rockhounding in Eastern and Western Kansas offers a wide range of opportunities for enthusiasts looking to explore the state’s geology.

Each region provides its own unique geological formations and specimens, including rare minerals, fossils, and geodes. As always, ensure you have the proper rockhounding equipment before embarking on your journey.

Happy rockhounding!

Kansas is a hidden gem for rockhounds, offering a vast array of geology and paleontology to explore. This article will delve into where to find geodes, crystals, and gemstones in Kansas.

Where to Find

Geodes in Kansas

Wallace County

Wallace County, located in western Kansas, is renowned for its abundant geodes. The region is perfect for rockhounds, providing the opportunity to find geodes up to the size of a basketball.

Geodes in this area are primarily quartz-based, but calcite and chalcedony geodes can also be found.

Trego County

Trego County, in western Kansas, is another fantastic location for finding geodes. The Cedar Bluff Reservoir area delivers an abundance of geodes to rockhounds of all experience levels.

Similar to

Wallace County, geodes in this area are primarily quartz-based, but calcite and chalcedony geodes can also be found.

Flint Hills


Flint Hills region in eastern Kansas is also known to have pockets of geodes containing quartz, calcite, and chalcedony.

Junction City

Junction City, located in Geary County, is a well-known location for finding geodes.

Geodes in this area are typically

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