Rock Discoveries

Giant Gold Nuggets: Stories of the Most Incredible Finds

The thrill of discovering a huge gold nugget has always captivated people’s imagination. Throughout history, there have been many large nuggets found, but some still stand out from the rest.

Let’s take a journey through some of the largest gold nuggets ever found and learn a bit more about them.

Welcome Stranger Gold Nugget


Welcome Stranger Gold Nugget is considered the largest gold nugget ever found. Discovered in Moliagul, Victoria, Australia by John Deason and Richard Oates in 1869, the Welcome Stranger weighs in at a whopping 2,316 troy ounces or 72.02 kg.

Its size was so extraordinary that it had to be broken down into smaller pieces on a anvil before it could be weighed. The nugget was discovered only two inches below the ground surface, under a stringybarktree.

Its discovery kickstarted the Australian gold rush, which prompted a flood of fortune seekers from all around the world who were hoping to strike it rich.

Welcome Nugget

On top of those staggering numbers, Victoria was home to a second giant gold nugget, the

Welcome Nugget, found by Cornish miners in the Bakery Hill area of Ballarat. This nugget weighed 2,217 troy ounces or 68.98 kg and was discovered in 1858.

The Nugget’s discovery site was Red Hill Mining Company’s site, Ballarat.

Pepita Cana Gold Nugget

If you happen to find yourself in Brasilia and want to see an impressive nugget, you should visit the money museum. The

Pepita Cana Gold Nugget is on display there. It was discovered in 1983 and weighed approximately 60.8 kg.

The nugget was found by Jlio de Deus Filho in an open-cast mine near the Serra Pelada site in Par. The nugget’s name comes from the Spanish term “pepita” which refers to nuggets that are especially large.

Sierra Buttes Monumental Claim Gold Nugget


Sierra Buttes Monumental Claim Gold Nugget is from the time of the California Gold Rush. In 1869, miners discovered this giant nugget which weighed 109.1 kg.


Sierra Buttes Monumental Claim Gold Nugget was discovered during a time when rains came over the area and made large gold pieces float down to areas where they could be found. After its discovery, the nugget moved throughout the world, from the mining district to San Francisco, New York, and back to Sierra City today.

Currently, one can find this giant gold nugget on display at the Kentucky Mine Museum at Sierra City.

Lady Hotham Gold Nugget

This massive gold nugget was discovered in 1854 in Canadian Gully, which is located about 20km from the town of Wedderburn in Victoria, Australia. It is named the

Lady Hotham Gold Nugget after the wife of the then-governor of Victoria, Sir Charles Hotham. The nugget weighed over 98 kg and was found in a mining tunnel.

The tunnel workers initially attempted to secure the nugget by placing a steel bar across it, but it broke when it was being transported to the surface.

The Australian Gold Rush

Gold has drawn people to Australia for centuries and the Australian Gold Rush was one of the most significant events in the country’s history. Gold was discovered in New South Wales in 1851, triggering a rush that eventually moved to Victoria.

The state’s population exploded from 80,000 to 500,000 in just a few years. The Australian gold rush is often attributed to the discovery of the

Welcome Nugget on Red Hill.

With so much gold lying near the surface, people were sifting through rock and dust, hoping to make a fortune. Prospectors could come with their basic equipment and try their luck, but in some parts of Victoria, the gold deposits were so rich and the ground so hard that a miner had to invest in increasingly sophisticated equipment.

The largest gold deposits were found underground, and to get to them, the miners used various methods to dig deep shafts. Miners used pickaxes and shovels to remove as much dirt as possible, then they would break the remaining material up with rock hammers.

Once the material was broken up, they used a winding rope to pull up baskets of debris from the mine face.

In Australia, gold fever spawned a new breed of trader, who would sell pickaxes, shovels, tents, and other essentials to miners trying their luck.

Towns sprang up quickly all over the country, with hotels, theaters, and other entertainment attractions opening and catering to prospectors, making gold rushes not just an economic, but also a cultural phenomenon. The Australian gold rush may have ended over a hundred years ago, but the lure of the precious metal remains compelling and the history of the country serves as a reminder of what one nugget can do.

So let us remember all of the gold seekers that sought their fortunes and their stories of determination and courage that have come to define Australia. Gold Nuggets: Stories of the Giant Pieces of Gold

Gold rushes have always fascinated humanity because they bring the promise of a better life.

People travel all over the world to find that one giant nugget that could change their life forever. Let’s take a deeper look into some of the largest gold nuggets in history, discovering their stories, and what has become of them.

Welcome Stranger and

Welcome Nugget

Victoria, Australia, was once a significant producer of gold, and it is no surprise that two of the largest gold nuggets ever found came from there. The Welcome Stranger and

Welcome Nugget were discovered only two years apart but weighed in at an enormous 2,316 troy ounces and 2,217 troy ounces, respectively.

The Welcome Stranger was found in 1869, while the

Welcome Nugget was discovered in 1858. The Welcome Stranger was found just two inches below the surface of the ground, under a stringybark tree by John Deason and Richard Oates.

The two miners initially believed they had discovered a piece of quartz with gold streaks, but with closer inspection, they realized it was a giant nugget. The

Welcome Nugget, on the other hand, was found in a vertical shaft on Red Hill, by Lord Robiliard and Dr. Bruhn, both employees of the Red Hill Mining Company.

They found it lodged in the roof of the tunnel, after striking off the cap of a quartz reef. Both pieces of gold were found deep underground and earned their place in history as some of the most significant nuggets ever discovered.

The Welcome Stranger is now on display at the Melbourne Museum, while the

Welcome Nugget has been lost to history.

Pepita Cana


Pepita Cana gold nugget is a marvel of gold mining, weighing in at 60.8 kg, it is considered to be one of the largest known nuggets ever discovered. It was found in Brazilian Serra Pelada mine in 1983, by a local miner named Jlio de Deus Filho.

It has since been on display at the Central Bank of Brazil’s visitors’ hall, part of the money museum in Brasilia. The museum that displays the

Pepita Cana nugget is now known as the Money Cultural Center.

The display of the nugget remains a popular attraction and serves as a testament to the marvels of the mining industry.

Sierra Buttes Monumental Claim Gold Nugget

In 1869, miners discovered the

Sierra Buttes Monumental Claim Gold Nugget while prospecting in the Sierra City region of California. Weighing in at 109.1 kg, it is a massive piece of gold that has a rich history attached to it.

The workers who discovered it were mining in the area when a torrential downpour washed the nugget along with the soil down to their claim site, where they then began to dig for the giant piece of gold.

Since it was discovered, the gold nugget has traveled throughout the country before landing at the Kentucky Mine Museum in Sierra City.

It has been on display as a replica for many years now, which still attracts visitors from all over the world.

Lady Hotham Gold Nugget


Lady Hotham Gold Nugget is one of the largest pieces of gold ever discovered in Australia. With a weight of over 98 kg, it was found in Canadian Gully in 1854, which is located about 20km from the town of Wedderburn, Victoria.

Miners discovered the nugget when they were digging in a mining tunnel and initially attempted to secure it by placing a steel bar across it. Unfortunately, it later broke during transportation to the surface.

While the original Lady Hotham Nugget is now lost to history, a replica was made and is currently on display at the London Natural History Museum. The replica nugget serves as a testament that in the quest for gold, the story is equally vital as the precious metal itself.

Gold nuggets remain some of the most sought-after pieces of gold in human history. The stories of discovery and adventure surrounding them establish them as objects of desire and fascination.

The Welcome Stranger,

Welcome Nugget,

Pepita Cana,

Sierra Buttes Monumental Claim Gold Nugget, and

Lady Hotham Gold Nugget are just a few of these giant pieces of gold, each with their stories and legacy. In conclusion, the discovery of giant gold nuggets has captivated people’s imagination for centuries.

From the Australian gold rush to the Brazilian Serra Pelada mine, miners have searched for these treasures. The Welcome Stranger,

Welcome Nugget,

Pepita Cana,

Sierra Buttes Monumental Claim Gold Nugget, and

Lady Hotham Gold Nugget are some of the most notable gold nuggets in history and will continue to inspire people to search for the ultimate prize.



What was the largest gold nugget ever discovered? The Welcome Stranger is considered to be the largest gold nugget ever discovered, weighing in at over 2,300 troy ounces.

2. How did miners find these giant gold nuggets?

Miners used various methods, including sifting through dirt and rocks, digging deep underground, and prospecting for the precious metal. 3.

Where can I see the largest gold nugget in the world? The largest gold nugget ever discovered, the Welcome Stranger, is currently on display at the Melbourne Museum, while the

Pepita Cana nugget can be viewed at the Money Cultural Center in Brasilia.

4. Are there still gold rushes happening in the world today?

While there may not be gold rushes quite like those in the past, modern mining still continues to produce significant amounts of gold all over the world. 5.

Why is gold such a valuable commodity? Gold is a precious metal that is relatively rare, which makes it valuable.

It has also been used as currency and for jewelry for thousands of years, which has helped to establish its value.

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